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  The oil end on this bottle, as an alternative to the standard double ring, suggests it may well have already been utilized for catsup as opposed to pepper sauce, however without any figuring out embossing or the initial label - of which this bottle has neither - it really is difficult to inform for sure.  Simply click foundation graphic to see such which shows the M or W marking which might or might not become a makers marking; in all probability the latter.  (Pictures courtesy of Janis Scalone.)

The barrel mustard pictured earlier mentioned is an eight oz. dimensions (calculated to the top ring) and the general style mostly encountered.  It's got a tooled one particular-part finish (kind of a "broad patent" or "bead" kind), comprised of colorless glass with a slight amethyst tint, blown inside of a cup-bottom mold although without any evident evidence of mold air venting building the likely creation day involving 1880 and 1900.

A large bulk of World jars are mouth-blown in put up-bottom molds (various mildew quantities around the bases), have ground rims, and unlike most mouth-blown jars do show evidence of mold air venting with one bump on both the back and front shoulders of illustrations examined by the creator.  Device-made (sleek rim) Globe jars are regarded to exist but are scarce; fairly strong proof indicating that Globe jars were being not likely developed once the early to mid-1910s, Even though the genuine conclude of creation is unknown (Leybourne 2001). The jars were being made by the Hemingray Glass Firm of Covington, KY (along with other destinations); closure inventor Robert Hemingray getting among the Hemingray Brothers who owned the company and which was better noted for creating the very common Hemingray insulators.

  Almost certainly the mostly encountered bottle on historic internet sites that has a mouth-blown and tooled (generally from the "enhanced tooled" kind) exterior screw-thread finishes are ketchup/sauce bottles.

  This "category" of sauce bottles was fairly typical as a group though different illustrations fluctuate widely in specific condition and conformation; most person versions within just this unfastened group can be regarded as uncommon as they weren't "common" kinds similar to the sauces included before (Rinker 1968; Zumwalt 1980).

The graphic on the left is of the late 1860s quart jar using a steel cap and spring clip accepting finish.  (Photograph courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.)  This jar is embossed with File.  J. BODINE / Companies / PHILADELPHIA, PA. , was blown in a very submit-base mould, and has a ground rim finish which has a mould fashioned helical lug "thread" below the rim to which the spring clip clamped and rotated limited.

  These traits would strongly reveal an early 20th century manufacture (1900 in to the mid-1910s) implying which the Zumwalt background might be precise but not finish, although a search of the internet uncovered no additional information on the organization or the brand.  Even so, the obelisk trade mark is almost definitely a representation of "Cleopatra's Needle" - a 3500 12 months previous Egyptian obelisk transferred to New York City find more and erected in Central Park in 1881.

The following can be a number of summary relationship observations or estimations unique to ball neck panel/extract bottles depending on the references cited in this part over, a variety of bottle maker catalogs as well as empirical observations through the author outside of All those noted within the druggist bottle dating link just higher than:

Victory 50 % gallon jar - This really is an illustration of a mouth-blown 50 percent gallon jar that has a sort of "improved Mason" end.   It truly is embossed with PACIFIC / SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Get the job done (no "S" at the tip; image to your rapid proper) on 1 aspect and PATD FEBY ninth 1864 / VICTORY / one / REISD JUNE 22D 1867 to the reverse.  It's a ground glass rim, foundation blown in the submit-base mildew, and it is rather crude with no proof of mold air venting which aided contribute on the pretty flattened embossing (which happens to be not easy to photograph).  Click on near-up of the externally threaded complete to view these (with no glass lid/screw band) While using the sealing surface area pointed out.

The reasonably ornate, square pickle bottle pictured on the left was most likely built in between 1860 and 1870.  It absolutely was blown inside of a article-base mould (an uncommon sq. mould write-up plate) without any proof of air venting and has no evidence of the pontil scar on The bottom.  It also has a type-normal rolled end which was fashioned by reheating glass at the shearing or cracking-off point and afterwards rolling the pliable glass out and again on the extreme higher Section of the neck with some kind of glassworkers tool.  It is sometimes hard to explain to on these type finishes if it absolutely was shaped from individually applied glass or by just Operating the reheated existing glass within the blowpipe removing position.

  This particular gothic sauce was made twenty+ several years after the example previously mentioned with the one apparent variance (Aside from delicate style discrepancies) is that it's a tiny bit narrower in diameter.  The creator has pointed out with each the square and hexagonal shapes a distinct inclination in the direction of narrower bodied bottles since the 19th century progressed.  Additionally, the sq. models appear to obtain mainly fallen outside of favor by the early 1890s (talked over under) while ended up remaining produced by no less than just one bottle maker right up until 1898 (Hagerty Brothers 1898).  Click the following one-way links for more images of the gothic pepper sauce bottle to the right:  base view; near-up of the neck and used finish.  (This bottle is also the square example in The bottom picture previously mentioned.)

Sq./rectangular (non-gothic) models As well as a myriad of cylindrical pickle/preserved foodstuff bottle types, bottle makers also supplied lots of square and rectangular pickle/preserved meals bottles around more often than not period coated by this Web site, i.e., the nineteenth by way of mid-twentieth century.  This group of foodstuff bottles also share the binding factors of getting bodies that, Other than remaining square or rectangular (with variably flattened or at times concave/convex sides), are rather voluminous with at the very least reasonably broad mouths (bores) to aid the packing and removing of the bulky merchandise contained.

  (This can be a development which was widespread with many bottles kinds [e.g., liquor, beer, soda bottles].)  This refined trend is shown fairly perfectly within a comparison of this sections images.  Despite the fact that this pattern is real and will be noticed, This is a relationship diagnostic characteristic tricky to apply without the need of comprehensive experience with these style bottles.

So why did square/rectangular bottles for milk acquire so very long to catch on?  There have been probable many reasons.  Before mouth-blown sq. and rectangular bottles experienced the inherent weak point with the four vertical corners with reasonably sharp angles in which the glass was usually noticeably thinner when compared to the intervening flat panels.  (Glass distribution and thickness when blowing bottles was an extended-expression problem - particularly with mouth-blown bottles - that was incrementally solved after a while with their output in automated bottle machines.)  Slender glass locations on milk bottles was a substantial breakage issue since milk bottles were being ordinarily re-employed often times, being banged all around appreciably over the repeated washings, fillings, transportation and consumer use.

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